Nekton is a not-for-profit research foundation and a UK registered charity established to accelerate the scientific exploration and protection of the ocean.
Only 8% of the ocean is in any kind of designated marine protected area (MPA), including 5% in implemented MPAs, and only 2.5% is in fully or highly protected, implemented MPAs (source: Marine Conservation Institute, MPA Atlas).
In 1960, Don Walsh and Jacques Piccard became the first people to descend 10,925m to full ocean depth, Challenger Deep in the submersible Trieste. The US Navy codenamed it 'Project Nekton'.
Nekton is a zoological noun describing aquatic animals that can swim against or independently of a current.
Listen to Captain Don Walsh describe his journey down in 1960. Recorded in 2016 by Nekton.
Nekton is established as UK charity with a founding grant from XL Catlin and then Garfield Weston Foundation. Founded by journalist Oliver Steeds, Professor Alex Rogers joins as Science Director and Nekton begins collaboration with University of Oxford.
- ‘From journalist to helping save the oceans’ Forbes
Mission I: XL Catlin Deep Ocean Survey
Bermuda & NW Atlantic Mission - underpinned by an alliance of 30 partners incl. Governments of Bermuda and Canada, 2 research vessels deployed, scientists from a dozen different research institutes collaborate, 6 Research Grants, teams of technical divers from 8 nations, two Triton submersibles, a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) and a dozen other research tools are deployed. 400+ submarine hours underwater. Collection and analysis of 40,000 specimens and samples, 240 video transects and 92miles of geophysical data. Mission details– 18 scientific papers published within 24months.
- Giving the ocean a health check-up (Huff Post)
- Exploring the Deep: From Our Own Correspondent (BBC)
- Plunging Beneath the sea to map the ocean (New Scientist)
- Discovering the largest migration on Earth (Guardian)
- Coral bleaching is killing reefs (PBS)
- Uncovering Secrets of the Deep Sea (Telegraph)
Deepest live radio show
World record breaking radio and comedy show broadcast from the depths with Sirius XM’s John Fugelsang - participation from Mark Hamill, David Crosby, Daily Show’s Lewis Black and others.
UNESCO World Heritage in the High Seas launched
Nekton join forces with UNESCO to launch major new initiative to protect the High Seas.
- United Nations urge expanding World Heritage sites to High Seas (Science)
- An Idea Whose Time Has Come (UNESCO); Watch launch film
Submarine STEM launched
New educational initiative launched in partnership with Encounter EDU and aligned to curricula worldwide with includes lesson plans, educational films and dynamic 360-degree films. Reaches over 1 million young people in first year.
- Submarine STEM– resources for families, 7-11 and 11-14 year olds.
Lionfish Invasion of the depths revealed
First scientific papers from Mission published revealing the deepest recorded evidence of lionfish in the Caribbean (PeerJ). New robots to kill lionfish at depth tested on Bermuda Mission.
- How do you stop invasive lionfish? Maybe with a robotic zapper (PBS)
Global ocean data portal launched
Two years in development with the University of Oxford, OcToPUS (The Ocean Tool for Public Understanding of Science) is launched as the world’s first open-sourced, global ocean data portal providing a single source to freely access historical and current global marine data.
First multi-disciplinary field research protocol to standardise marine research
Piloted during Mission I (XL Catlin Deep Ocean Survey), 16 leading marine scientists define the first multi-disciplinary standardised protocols for marine research, called GOSSIP. Standardisation accelerates data analysis and increases applicability and impact to inform ocean management and conservation. Full details.
- The General Ocean Survey and Sampling Iterative Protocol – ‘GOSSIP’ - Oceanography.
- GOSSIP – the film (Nekton)
VR Film to full ocean depth launched with Don Walsh
Narrated by Captain Don Walsh, a unique 360-VR film revealing the story of the journey 7 miles down to full ocean depth. In 1960 Walsh and Jacques Picard became the first to descend to Challenger Deep - codenamed ‘Project Nekton’.
- The True Story behind the deepest dive in history (Telegraph)
- Dive into the Deep – as Don Walsh narrates a 360 degree simulation of his record breaking descent in this stunning video (Dive Magazine)
Sky Ocean Rescue Launched
Sky Plc launch major initiative to raise awareness of ocean plastic – citing their coverage of, and participation in Nekton’s mission in Bermuda – including on ocean plastics - as the spark.
Deep Ocean VR Art installation opens at European City of Culture
Recorded during the Bermuda Mission and curated as a multi-screen VR experience, audiences at the European City of Culture 2017 experience life beneath the waves.
Kensington Tours becomes Founding Partner of Nekton
The leading luxury travel company in North America, Kensington Tours commits to long-term support of Nekton’s operations and the next series of Missions. The mission’s submersible to be named Kensington Deep.
- Exploring the Deep Ocean - Partnership insight
Scientific discoveries from Bermuda Mission revealed
- New Black Coral species named(Zootaxa.),
- Discovery of dozens of new species confirm biodiversity hotspot discovered in Bermuda (Journal of Phycology)
- Deepest DNA sequenced algae(European Journal of Phycology)
- Deeper reef fish fauna limiting applicability of deep refuge hypothesis & vulnerability of deep reefs to targeted fishing pressure and invasive species (Frontiers in Marine Science)
- New I/D guide to Bermuda marine species published – including 100 new species discovered on the Mission - free online.
- Unique biological communities found at mesophotic and rariphotic depths(Royal Society);
- New algae species discovered reveals new details of trans-ocean distribution (Journal of Phycology)
New Ocean Zone – Rariphotic Zone
Discovery of the Rariphotic Zone - the Rare Light Zone – in depths from 130m to 300m is confirmed in the waters around Bermuda. Over 100 new species discovered. Reported as ‘one of the largest new ecosystems found in the world in decades’.
- 100 species discovered as scientists find new ocean zone (Telegraph);
- 100 new species discovered in Bermuda’s Twilight Zone (NY Post)
- Exploring a new ‘Zone’ of deep-sea coral life – Hidden in Plain Sight (News Deeply)
- Discovering the Rariphotic Zone (Nekton Film – 2minute, 15minute)
Omega Becomes Mission Partner for First Descent 2018-2022
Omega announce their multi-year support and partnership to undertake a series of missions to explore and conserve the world’s most unknown and least protected ocean, the Indian Ocean. The mission’s submersible to be named Omega Seamaster II. Mission details.
- First Descent – narrated by Morgan Freeman – launch film
Pathfinder mission for First Descent: Indian Ocean - in partnership with WildTrust, CORDIO East Africa, South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity, University of Comoros. ROV deployments to establish initial morphological data to inform future research in the Indian Ocean. Mission details.
Weddell Sea Expedition
In partnership with the Flotilla Foundation, Scott Polar Research Institute, Nelson Mandela University, University of Cape Town and the University of Canterbury – deploying AUVs and ROVs to investigate life beneath the ice and the potential implications of climate change. Mission details.
Bermuda announce 20% ocean protected
The Government of Bermuda commit to protecting 20% of their ocean territory. Nekton’s mission – XL Catlin Deep Ocean Survey – credited as galvanising force for public and political support for the new ocean management initiative. The datasets are critical for marine spatial planning, designation of protected areas and management.
- Marine Sanctuary planned for island - BerNews
First Descent launched with Alliance of 40 partners
An Alliance of 40 partners join forces including Mission Partners Omega and Kensington Tours and Strategic Partners - The Commonwealth, Teledyne Marine (Subsea Technology) Associated Press (News Agency), Sky (News & Media Partner), Inmarsat (Satellite Communications), Helly Hansen (Apparel) and Brownie Global Logistics (Submersible Operations).
- Scientists prepare to explore uncharted depths (Daily Mail);
- Indian Ocean depths to be explored for the first time (NBC);
- Scientists to investigate climate change effects in Indian Ocean (NY Post)
Deep Blue Grants launched
New Grant programme established and launched with the Seychelles Conservation and Climate Adaptation Trust (SeyCCAT) to fund six Seychellois researchers to conduct innovative deep-sea research in Seychelles. More details on Knowledge Exchange programme.
- Creating a legacy of marine science and ocean management (with SeyCCAT)
First Descent: Seychelles
To support the Government’s commitments to protect 30% of the their ocean (over 400,000 km2) and TNC’s marine spatial planning work, the Mission systematically gathers the first data beneath 30 metres across 7 major sites in Seychelles. By the numbers: 10 Seychellois scientists, 2300 nautical miles, 21 research tools, team from 14 nations, 21 research technologies, 6 new technologies and system developed, 300+ science deployments, 1200+ biological samples, 20 TB of ocean data.
- View Mission Trailer (2mins), Deep Dive (8mins) with President of Seychelles.
- 4,391 Broadcast packages air in 140 nations & 15,000 articles in print and digital cover the mission (CGTN, Euronews, NY Post, SBS, Independent)
- ABC’s Good Morning America live from the depths (ABC)
- Scientists believe they found the ‘Twilight Zone’ in Indian Ocean (Global News)
- Blazing a trail in marine conservation (Radio France International– article & podcast)
- Ground breaking Indian Ocean Science Mission reaches end (CTV)
First Live deep ocean submersible broadcasts, subsea documentary series and newscasts
First Descent: Live is broadcast from the Mission’s submersible deep beneath the waves to global audiences by Associated Press. Deep Ocean Live with Sky is the first live subsea documentary series and newscasts broadcasting 7 hours live, over 3 days from the Nekton’s mission to an audience of 110 million in 120 nations.
- Historic Undersea Broadcast (AP)
- Broadcasts win prestigious IBC Award for Innovation and Royal Television Society Award
- Sky News broadcasts under the sea in World First (Sky) & Sky travels 300m under the sea for Deep Ocean Live (Sky)
First Live Subsea Presidential Address
President Danny Faure calls on the world to protect the world’s ocean from under the ocean in a Nekton submersible. It becomes the biggest news of the day globally.
- President makes underwater please to protect the world’s seas (New York Times);
- I delivered an underwater speech to protect the oceans. Here’s Why. (Washington Post Editorial)
Submarine STEM Live & Awards
600,000 students engaged across 16 nations with live links and educational broadcasts from the Mission.
- Submarine STEM wins the EdTech’s top BETT Award
Indian Ocean Taxonomy Symposium
Nekton’s first marine taxonomy symposium held at South African Institute of Aquatic Biodiversity (SAIAB) accelerating identification of species discovered on First Descent Seychelles and training the next generation of early career researchers.
- 23 people (13 experts, 10 trainers, 9 lectures). 16 Institutes collaborating on analysis and publications.
Oxford Fellowships for Seychellois Scientists
The first Seychellois scientists begin Fellowships at the University of Oxford – in partnership with Seychelles Conservation and Climate Adaptation Trust (SeyCCAT) and the Africa Oxford Initiative (AfOx).
- Seychellois women awarded fellowships to Oxford to advance study of marine science (Seychelles News)
- Films: Jennifer Appoo, Sheena Talma
Maldives announce commitment to ocean protection and next Nekton mission
President of Maldives announces commitment to protecting at least 20% of their ocean and undertaking the next Nekton mission to focus on a series of critical seamounts to inform marine spatial planning and sustainable fisheries management.
Yachts for Science Launched
In partnership with Boat International, Yachts for Science is launched to match marine scientists with private vessels to undertake field research. Further details.
- Calling All Superyacht owners and crew! Critical ocean research needs your help (Boat International)
Seychelles announce 30% protection of its waters
Data from First Descent: Seychelles mission supports the Government of Seychelles and TNC's Marine Spatial Plan and their designation of protected areas and ongoing management.
- Seychelles sets up protection for 30% of surrounding sea (Al Jazeera)
- Seychelles achieves 30% Marine Conservation Commitment (Nature)
First Descent: Midnight Zone Mission
With the Governments of Seychelles and Maldives, joint mission to develop regional scientific and ocean governance cooperation is announced to research and protect a series of key seamounts and inform the protection and management of 630,000km2of ocean. Mission details.